Motorists, motorcyclists, cyclists and pedestrians have a joint responsibility to share the road respectfully and safely and obey the road rules. Cyclists are vulnerable road users, so for their safety extra precautions and awareness are required from all road users.
If you’re a motorist, only pass a cyclist when you have a clear view of the road ahead and if there’s enough space for you to pass. You may legally cross continuous white lines to safely pass a cyclist. Remember to indicate.
- When travelling on roads with a speed limit up to 60km/h, allow 1 metre between your vehicle and the cyclist to pass safely.
- When travelling on roads with a speed limit over 60km/h, allow 1.5 metres to pass a cyclist.
Other laws for motorists sharing the road with cyclists:
- Do not drive in designated on-road bicycle lanes
- Give way to cyclists if crossing an on-road bicycle lane.
- Before opening a car door, ensure there isn’t a cyclist in the way.
- When turning left – if a cyclist is in front, allow them to pass before making a turn.
- Do not enter the green bicycle boxes (at some intersections).
TIP: Riding two abreast makes people on bikes more visible. If you’re a cyclist who likes riding in a group, you shouldn’t ride any more than two abreast. When the road narrows, do the courteous thing and move into single file. It keeps everyone safe and allows drivers to pass you safely.
Other safety rules:
- Wear a helmet that is properly fastened.
- You must have at least one brake and a warning device (bell/horn) working.
- Use a front white light and rear red light which can be seen for 200m during the night and in conditions of poor visibility. A red rear reflector visible for 50m is also required.
- You may ride two side-by-side on the road, with up to 1.5m between riders.
- Don’t ride less than 2m behind a vehicle.
- You are not allowed to pass on the left of a vehicle that is turning left.
- You must give way to vehicles exiting a roundabout.
- Ensure high visibility by wearing reflective or fluorescent clothing.
- When travelling on the road, you may be on the left of a road’s edge line.
Motorists failing to overtake a cyclist allowing a passing distance of 1 metre (up to 60km/h) 1.5 metres (over 60km/h)
Entering a green bicycle box (at some intersections)
Cyclists riding more than two abreast (with up to 1.5m between riders)
Not wearing a helmet
Failure to have at least one effective brake and working warning device (e.g. bell)
Failure to have correct lighting for visibility
Riding less than 2m behind a vehicle
Passing on the left of a vehicle that is turning left